Orthopedic surgical robots and laparoscopic surgical robots are both medical surgical robots, and they are categorized by surgical site.
Orthopedic surgical robots are used to assist in orthopedic surgeries such as joint replacements and spinal surgeries. Orthopedic surgical robots provide better imaging of the surgical area, less damage to healthy bone and faster recovery.
Laparoscopic surgical robots can perform a wide range of surgical procedures such as urological, gynecological, thoracic and general surgery. The scope allows the surgeon’s vision to extend into the patient’s body, while the robotic arm mimics his or her hands to hold and direct the scope and the procedure.
In addition, orthopedic surgery robots differ from laparoscopic surgery robots in terms of their clinical applicability.
Luminal surgery robot mainly solves the problem of surgical precision, which is a set of robotic system suitable for soft tissue surgery. Major surgery, especially soft tissue tumor surgery, requires fine surgical operation, a little carelessness may damage the surrounding important tissues (such as blood vessels, nerve bundles, lymphatic vessels, etc.) damage, the need for stability and precision of the operation. The doctor’s unarmed operation is bound to have insufficient stability, especially in the era of lumpectomy, the doctor needs to operate a variety of long-handled surgical instruments, and the long force arm effect is more likely to cause instability. In order to increase the stability of the operation. Doctors complete surgical operations by remote control of the robotic arm, and the stability of the robotic arm/hand is definitely higher than that of the human hand.
Orthopaedic surgical robots mainly solve the problem of individualized differences in surgery. Orthopaedic surgical robots belong to the hard tissue robots, regardless of spine, trauma or joint surgery robots, the design idea is to use the patient’s preoperative/operative imaging data (X-ray, CT, CBCT, etc.) to plan the optimal surgical path, and through the guiding role of the robotic arm, to guide the physician along the planned surgical path to The surgery is completed by the robotic arm. Because of the individual differences in each patient (anatomical variations and medical conditions, etc.), the “optimal” path for each patient is often inconsistent. In the past, orthopaedic surgeons have relied on their own experience and patterned their surgeries by looking for anatomical landmarks, which are sometimes inaccurate or even wrong. Orthopaedic surgical robots can circumvent such errors and mistakes by using computer software to simulate the surgery and find the most suitable surgical target point for the patient, thus improving the accuracy of the surgery.
Take the Perlove Medical Orthopaedic Surgical Robot PL300B as an example, it is a spinal surgery navigation and positioning system. When used with the 3D C-arm PLX7500, it is capable of realizing intra-operative 3D imaging and precise positioning, standardizing complex surgeries, minimally invasive routine surgeries, and intelligentizing key operations, which can improve the results of orthopaedic surgeries to a great extent, and also shorten the learning curve of the surgeons.