Is it necessary to use a spinal surgery robot for spinal surgery?


In recent years, with the aggravation of the aging trend of China’s population and the change of people’s medical concepts, the volume of orthopedic surgery has been increasing year by year, especially lumbar spine disease has become the main clinical disease. Spine surgery robot-assisted spine surgery is a new clinical solution that integrates robotics, image processing technology and spine surgery technology.

A spinal surgical robot is a spinal surgical navigation and localization system used for navigation and localization of surgical instruments or implants during open or minimally invasive spinal surgery. Do I need a navigation and positioning system for spine surgery?

Spine Surgery Robots

Spine surgeons do not need navigation. Just like we don’t have to use GPS to get from A to B. We can use a map or use a GPS before we go. We can use a map or memorize the route before we go. But GPS provides much more than just directions. It tells us which way is fastest. Which way avoids obstacles. It will also let us know if you’ve taken a wrong turn. As a spine surgeon, we always achieve the desired outcome during surgery. But a spinal navigation and localization system can help us achieve that result more efficiently.

At the same time, spine surgery robots alleviate the over-reliance on physician experience in traditional minimally invasive surgery, and shorten the learning curve for physicians in computer-assisted surgery, contributing to the accuracy and reliability of clinical procedures. Clinicians only need to be trained to master the basic principles and operating techniques of the robot, and then they can master the robot-assisted nail implantation technique relatively quickly. By fixing the robotic operating technicians and nursing staff and improving the efficiency of cooperation, the operation time of the robotic group is expected to be on a downward trend. Once the planning of the spine surgery robot is completed, repeated fluoroscopic confirmation is not required, which significantly shortens the total operation time and reduces the risk of radiation exposure to both the operator and the patient.

The spinal surgery robot-assisted spinal surgery operation is less difficult to analyze for two reasons: on the one hand, the robot operation interface is friendly and the operation steps are concise; on the other hand, by summarizing the cooperation between the robot workspace posing and the patient’s body position, it avoids mutual interference between the human-machine operation during the operation. When clinicians go through a short initial semester and adaptation period, they can summarize their experience for different surgical sites and optimize the operation process.

Orthopedic surgical robot is an emerging industry in the medical field, mainly used for minimally invasive and precise treatment, which can provide precise navigation and planning, and is an important development direction of current orthopedic clinical treatment. Robot-assisted spine surgery technology applied to minimally invasive surgery is of great significance for optimizing the surgical path and shortening the learning curve of doctors. Through the optimized summary of human-robot interaction, the operator can quickly master the technique of channel screw implantation, and the operation is safe and reliable.


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