Types Of Medical Robotics


As robotic technology rapidly advances, many medical robots are now in use. In this article, we will explore some types of medical robots and their basic functions.

Surgical robots

Surgical robots enable surgical procedures to be performed with greater precision than a human surgeon can achieve unaided. Additionally, they facilitate remote surgeries, allowing a surgeon to operate on a patient without being physically present.

Robotic technology for assisting precise surgeries has rapidly developed in recent years, and there are now many different types of surgical robots available on the market. The following 10 brands of robots are some of the most well-regarded in the industry.

  • Perlove Medical Robot

Perlove Medical Robot is mainly used to assist with spinal surgery, including spinal deformity surgery, fusion surgery, tumor surgery, sacroiliac joint fixation surgery and thoracolumbar spine surgery.

Robotics in Spine Surgery
  • Da Vinci® Surgical Robot
Da Vinci Surgical Robot 1
Da Vinci Surgical Robot 2
Da Vinci Surgical Robot 3
  • ROSA® Robotics

ROSA Robotics is applicable to knee, hip, and brain surgeries.

ROSA® Robotics
  • CorPath GRX Precision Vascular Robotic
CorPath GRX Precision Vascular Robotic
  • Medical Neurosurgical Robert Remebot
Medical Neurosurgical Robert Remebot
  • Mazor Robotics
Mazor Robotics
  • TiRobot Orthopaedic Surgery Robot System
TiRobot Orthopaedic Surgery Robot System
  • Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery
  • Hugo Robotic Assisted Surgery
Hugo Robotic Assisted Surgery
  • Depuy Velys Robot
Depuy Velys Robot

Rehabilitation Robots

Rehabilitation robots assist and improve the lives of the infirm, elderly, and those with mobility impairments. They are also utilized for rehabilitation and related activities, such as training and therapy.

For example:
Hand rehabilitation training robot
Arm mobility rehabilitation robot
Ait training assistance robot

Disinfection Robots

Disinfection robots can disinfect an entire room in just minutes, typically using pulsed ultraviolet light. These systems are being utilized to combat Ebola virus disease

Ultraviolet disinfection robot, also called UVD robots, is a commonly used disinfection robots in healthcare settings where sterilization and reducing the spread of infections are critical. UVD robots typically utilize UV-C light, which has germicidal properties effective at killing or inactivating microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They can disinfect entire rooms quickly and efficiently, often in a matter of minutes, by autonomously navigating and emitting UV light.

Image Source: UVD Robots

Pharmacy Automation Robots

Thes robotic systems are used to dispense oral solid medications in retail pharmacies and to prepare sterile IV admixtures in hospital pharmacies.

Image Source: Pharmaceutical Technology

Pharmacy robots can accurately remember the storage locations of medications, retrieve them quickly, and reduce the chances of dispensing the wrong medication.

Laboratory Robots

Types of robots found in labs are specially designed to either automate processes or assist lab technicians in completing repetitive tasks.

For example

Microplate Readers:

Microplate Readers are integrated with microplate readers and can automatically acquire data from microplates. They are used for various applications such as ELISA and high-throughput screening.

Automated Pathogen Detection:

Robotic microscopes can automatically capture images of samples, such as cells or tissue sections. They are used for applications like high-content screening and digital pathology.

Hospital Robots

With a pre-programmed layout of their environment and built-in sensors, hospital robots deliver medications, meals and specimens around hospitals.

For example:


Moxi supports hospitals in operating around the clock by assisting clinical staff with non-patient-facing tasks such as: Delivering medications, Running patient supplies, Delivering lab samples, Fetching items from central supply, and Distributing PPE.


Image Source: Diligent Robotics

Robotic Prosthetics

Robotic prosthetics focus on providing their wearers with life-like limb functionality.

Robotic Prosthetics

Telepresence Robots

Telepresence robots enbable off-site medical professionals to move, look around, communicate, and participate from remote locations.


This category of robots is designed to mimic the cognition of humans and animals.

Companion Robots

They have the capability to engage emotionally with users keeping them company and alerting if there is a problem with their health.


The integration of robotic technology in the medical field is advancing progress in healthcare by enhancing precision, efficiency, and patient outcomes. From surgical robots to rehabilitation and companion robots, these advanced robots are transforming the way medical professionals diagnose, treat, and care for patients. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more innovative applications of robotics in medicine, leading to a future where healthcare is more accessible, effective, and tailored to individual patient needs. The potential of medical robotics is immense, promising to reshape the landscape of healthcare for years to come.


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