What are the advantages of intelligent spine robot in spine surgery?


Robotic surgery is being explored and applied in the medical field. With the help of intelligent spine robots, doctors are able to complete many complex surgeries, which can be more precise, flexible and easier to control than traditional treatments, such as those involving the spine.

So what are the advantages of the Intelligent Spine Robot in spine surgery?

Advantages of robots in spinal surgery:

  1. Accurate placement of surgical built-ins

Screw misplacement is a major cause of complications in spine surgery. Misplacement of screws may lead to nerve, blood vessel and organ damage, and the incidence of secondary injury varies depending on the experience of the surgeon, the type of disease, and the measurements. It is understood that intelligent spinal robotic assistance significantly improves the accuracy of screw placement. Robot-assisted screw placement accounted for 96.9% of all screws that broke through the pedicle wall <3 mm (T2-S2), and 3.1% of screw placements broke through the pedicle wall >3 mm, whereas the accuracy of unarmed screw placement by experienced spine surgeons was about 92.7%. Robot-assisted screw placement significantly improves the accuracy of screw placement and thus reduces the occurrence of complications such as nerve injury. There is a significant difference in screw placement accuracy between skilled spine surgeons and unskilled spine surgeons, and the use of the robot greatly eliminates the difference in screw placement rates caused by the surgeon’s experience.

  1. Reduction of surgical trauma

The Intelligent Spine Robotic System improves intraoperative positioning accuracy, especially in complex revision anatomical structures that are more amenable to the use of the robot, and allows surgery to be accomplished through smaller incisions. For example, in the MIS-TLIF procedure, percutaneous placement of pedicle screws can be quickly accomplished through robotic preoperative planning, avoiding excessive radiation exposure and the possibility of switching to open surgery for screw placement due to difficulties in screw placement. Robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery reduces the surgical incision, decreases the risk of infection, and avoids the possibility of prolonged muscle retraction, which helps to reduce postoperative pain, the use of pain medication, and hospitalization time.

Intelligent spine robot-assisted surgery is less invasive

  1. Reduction of radiation exposure

Intelligent spine robot-assisted spine surgery can significantly reduce the amount of intraoperative radiation used. This is due to the fact that adequate preoperative planning reduces the number of intraoperative fluoroscopies, and the pedicle screws are placed in the direction of the robotic cannulae during surgery. The study of radiation exposure showed that whether robot-assisted screw placement was significantly lower than freehand placement of pedicle screws was related to the workflow associated with the use of radiation as well as the surgeon’s proficiency in freehand placement of pedicle screws.

  1. Reduced Surgical Time

The Intelligent Spine Robot reaches the surgical site with minimally invasive incisions through pre-surgical planning with good accuracy, and the surgical time can be significantly shortened through the skillful operation of the surgeon and the accurate guidance of the robot. However, several studies have shown that there is no significant difference in surgical time between robot-assisted screw placement and X-ray fluoroscopic screw placement, and the reduction in surgical time brought about by the use of the robot is often offset by the time required to set up the robot, which is significantly correlated with the surgeon’s proficiency in operating the robot and the surgeon’s proficiency in placing the screws with his bare hands. Perlove Medical is the first manufacturer in China to offer a full-process “Intelligent Spine Robot + 3D Imaging” solution, with integrated adaptive alignment technology that enables automatic registration and alignment, regardless of image quality.

Intelligent Spine Robot Planning Images

The development of intelligent spine robot technology enables operators to realize more accurate, safe and minimally invasive treatment during surgery than traditional technology. The main advantages of the Perlove Intelligent Spine Robot are safety and precision. Clinical accuracy of sub-millimeter level (≤0.7mm), which greatly improves the precision and repeatability of surgery


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