In recent years, robots are not only used in industry and agriculture, but also in the medical field, and have become a hotspot in the medical industry. At present, the field of surgical robots mainly includes orthopedic surgical robots, neurosurgical robots, vascular intervention robots, laparoscopic surgical robots and so on.
Traditional surgery is a doctor’s treatment of a patient’s body lesions with medical devices such as excision and suture. Knives, scissors, needles and other instruments are used to operate locally in the human body to remove diseased tissues, repair injuries, transplant organs, and improve function and form. Precision, minimally invasive surgery has become the goal of the current surgical pursuit, with the development of surgical robotics technology, even complex surgical scenarios, with the cooperation of the doctor, surgical robots can also complete the task.
Compared to the large incisions of traditional surgery, patients typically have only a handful of small incisions in robotic minimally invasive surgeries, which are used to put in surgical instruments, so the surgical robot is able to complete them in a precise and minimally invasive manner. This will also significantly reduce blood loss and the risk of post-operative complications such as infection and adhesions, resulting in a faster recovery for the patient.
Surgical robots are usually equipped with one or more high degree of freedom arms. Processed by computerized algorithms, the arms replicate the movements of the surgeon’s hands as the subtle movements of the corresponding instruments in the human body. This enables the surgeon to move surgical instruments smoothly and precisely within a small surgical space, which is indispensable in difficult surgeries.
For example, in orthopedic surgery robot-assisted orthopedic surgery, the surgeon scans the patient’s 3D body information into the computer through fluoroscopy or scanning. After the system automatically matches the patient’s bone tissue, the doctor can choose the appropriate path to avoid the patient’s important tissue parts. After confirming the surgical path, the robot can move to the place accurately with sub-millimeter precision error through navigation technology and robotic arm motion control technology.
In addition, the surgical robot empowers the surgeon with a more dexterous hand, automatically filtering out the inherent tremor of the surgeon’s hand through computerized algorithms. Reducing the risk of inadvertently transecting tissue greatly improves surgical precision and surgical quality.
In some open surgeries and traditional microtrauma procedures, surgeons must obtain a series of X-rays to confirm that implants are placed in the correct position. Surgical robots, which typically come with an optical navigation system that indicates where implants are placed, can significantly reduce the number of X-rays required during surgery. This will reduce radiation exposure for surgeons, patients and other operating room staff.
The Perlove Orthopedic Surgical Robot is currently capable of performing multi-segment spine surgeries on the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. In conjunction with the mobile 3D C-arm, the positioning of surgical instruments or implants is accomplished with the assistance of a robotic arm. Only need to cut a nail inlet on the surface of the lesion during the operation, the surgical wound from a tens of centimeters of incision into several 1~2 cm small incision, less traumatic to the patient, compared with the traditional open surgical tools are also more superior.