What are the postoperative precautions for orthopedic robot assisted orthopedic surgery?

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The idea of using surgical robots for orthopedic surgery may sound distant, but in fact, many hospitals currently possess this capability. Patients can choose whether to use orthopedic surgical robots for surgery based on their actual situation or following expert advice.

With the assistance of orthopedic surgical robots, only a few small incisions are usually needed during surgery, significantly reducing the patient’s bleeding and radiation dose. In addition, it also accelerates postoperative recovery, reduces hospitalization time and the occurrence of complications.

Surgical robot planning images

In March of this year, a patient with a compression fracture of the lumbar spine at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University was able to autonomously turn over the next day under the guidance of medical staff after undergoing surgery guided by a universal orthopedic surgical robot. With the protection of waist circumference, the patient was able to move to the ground early, and the pain level was significantly reduced. The activity was significantly improved compared to before the surgery.

What are the postoperative precautions for orthopedic robot assisted orthopedic surgery? The following contents are worth paying attention to.

(1) Maintain a good postoperative position

After surgery, follow the doctor’s advice and maintain a fixed time of lying flat. For patients under general anesthesia, the head should be tilted to one side. For patients after limb surgery, the surgical limb should be raised or pulled.

(2) Special attention should be paid to diet after surgery

Fasting and water restriction within 5 hours after surgery. If the patient feels thirsty, a cotton swab dipped in cold water can be used to apply to the lips to temporarily relieve thirst. After about 5 hours of anesthesia, the patient should first take a small sip of warm water. If there is no nausea or vomiting, they can start a small amount of liquid diet and gradually transition to semi liquid or regular diet. The diet should be rich in collagen, trace elements, and vitamins, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and avoiding spicy, greasy foods and hair products.

(3) Strict postoperative wound management

Do not casually remove the gauze covering the wound, and do not touch or clean the wound with water. Keep the wound clean and dry. If such a situation occurs, doctors and nurses should be promptly informed and efforts should be made to provide timely and appropriate treatment.

(4) Early postoperative activity is necessary

Under the guidance of a doctor, get out of bed or engage in bed activities appropriately (conventional surgery takes 2-3 days, while robotic surgery is shorter) to promote blood circulation, restore gastrointestinal function, enhance appetite, prevent complications, and promote wound healing.

Orthopedic surgery assisted by Perlove Medical orthopedic robot

(5) Mastering the optimal time for removing stitches

Sutures should be removed 10-12 days after limb surgery, and for joint and adjacent surgeries, it is more appropriate to remove stitches 13-15 days after surgery; Elderly, weak, anemic, or with complications, the suture removal time should be appropriately extended.

(6) Other precautions

After surgery, the patient’s body resistance is relatively low, and attention should be paid to keeping warm to prevent colds. At the same time, attention should be paid to avoiding light, keeping quiet, allowing the patient to lie down and rest, and restoring physical strength.

If there are any unclear questions, they should be promptly consulted with the attending physician and handled properly after receiving the correct answers.

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