What is the difference between orthopedic surgical robots and laparoscopic surgical robots?


Orthopedic surgical robots and laparoscopic surgical robots both belong to medical surgical robots, and they are divided according to the surgical site.

Orthopedic surgical robots are used to assist in orthopedic surgeries such as joint replacement surgery and spine surgery. Orthopedic surgical robots provide better imaging of the surgical area, less damage to healthy bone and faster recovery.

Laparoscopic surgical robots can perform a wide range of surgical procedures such as urological, gynecological, thoracic and general surgery. The scope allows the surgeon’s vision to extend into the patient’s body, while the robotic arm mimics his or her hands to hold and direct the scope and the procedure.

In addition, orthopedic surgery robots and laparoscopic surgery robots are differentiated by their clinical applicability.

da Vinci Lumpectomy Robot

Luminal surgical robots mainly solve the problem of surgical precision, represented by the da Vinci surgical robot, which is a set of robotic systems suitable for soft tissue surgery. Major surgery, especially soft tissue tumor surgery, requires fine surgical operation, a little carelessness may damage the surrounding important tissues (such as blood vessels, nerve bundles, lymphatic vessels, etc.) damage, the need for stability and precision of the operation. The doctor’s unarmed operation is bound to have insufficient stability, especially in the era of lumpectomy, the doctor needs to operate a variety of long-handled surgical instruments, and the long force arm effect is more likely to cause instability. In order to increase the stability of the operation, da Vinci surgical robotic system came into being. Doctors complete surgical operations by remote control of the robotic arm, and the stability of the robotic arm/hand is definitely higher than that of the human hand.

Orthopedic surgical robots mainly solve the problem of individualized differences in surgery. Orthopedic surgical robots belong to the hard tissue robots, regardless of the spine, trauma or joint surgery robots, the design idea is to use the patient’s preoperative/operative imaging data (X-ray, CT, CBCT, etc.) to plan the optimal surgical path and through the guiding role of the robotic arm, to guide the surgeon along the planned surgical path to The surgery is completed by the robotic arm. Because of the individual differences in each patient (anatomical variations and medical conditions, etc.), the “optimal” path for each patient is often inconsistent. In the past, orthopaedic surgeons have relied on their own experience and patterned their surgeries by looking for anatomical landmarks, which are sometimes inaccurate or even wrong. Orthopedic surgical robots can well circumvent such errors and mistakes by using computer software to simulate the surgery and find the most suitable surgical target point for the patient, thus improving the accuracy of the surgery.

Perlove Orthopedic Surgery Robot

Taking Perlove Medical Orthopedic Surgical Robot PL300B as an example, it is a spinal surgery navigation and positioning system, which, when used with 3D C-arm PLX7500, can achieve intraoperative 3D imaging and precise positioning, standardize complex surgeries, minimize invasive routine surgeries, and intellectualize key operations, which can improve the results of orthopedic surgeries to a great extent, and shorten the learning curve of the surgeons as well.


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