What therapeutic areas can surgical robots be used for?

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Surgical robots were once known as technological innovations at the tip of the knife. With the help of consoles, imaging systems and robotic arms, it assists doctors in minimally invasive surgery in the form of precise control to complete complex surgeries. Compared with open surgery and traditional minimally invasive surgery, it has a number of advantages: first, the surgical robot effectively reduces the area of surgical wound trauma, making the patient’s post-operative recovery faster and reducing the incidence of post-operative complications; second, the surgical robot’s flexible robotic arm improves surgical precision and ensures the stability of surgical results; finally, the surgical robot reduces the surgeon’s physical exertion, shortens the surgeon’s learning curve, and also reduces the patient’s radiation exposure.

Surgical robots can be categorized into orthopedic surgical robots, neurosurgical surgical robots, vascular intervention robots and endoscopic surgical robots.

Orthopedic Surgical Robots

Orthopedic surgical robots are mainly used for high-precision positioning, assisting doctors to complete the spine, joints and other surgical implants or positioning of surgical instruments. Its main technologies are: surgical planning and control software, optical tracking system, main control trolley and navigation and positioning.

Neurosurgery robot is mainly used for spatial localization and orientation of surgical instruments during neurosurgery. The main technologies are: surgical planning software, navigation and localization system, robotic auxiliary equipment positioning, operating system and so on.

Vascular intervention therapy robot performance for catheter propulsion system is accurate, can stably complete the surgical action, navigation system to help doctors master the catheter and vessel wall interaction. Its main technologies are: image navigation system, operating device and positioning robot arm, force feedback system and so on.

The role of endoscopic surgical robot is to assist the doctor to accurately complete minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery through the main operating console, robotic arm system and high-definition camera system. Its main technologies include: three-dimensional high-definition surgical vision system, simulation robot, motion control technology.

Due to the maturity of the da Vinci surgical robot, the laparoscopic surgical robot is currently the most widely used field, a high-maturity echelon; orthopedic surgical robots, neurosurgical robots are more widely used, a high-maturity echelon; other ophthalmic robots, vascular interventional surgical robots are less widely used, low-maturity echelon.

The degree of intervention in the whole process of surgery, that is, to complete a surgery needs to be operated by a doctor’s degree, luminal surgery robots, such as remote operation of the robotic arm by the doctor, the surgical process with the doctor to do basically the same, almost all surgical operations can be completed, the surgical process of the degree of intervention is strong. For orthopedic surgery robot, to solve the problem of personalized differences, surgical robots to solve some key steps in the operation of the path planning, can not complete all the surgical process, such as joint surgery osteotomy, joint exposure, prosthesis installation, etc., so the whole surgical process intervention degree is strong.

Medical insurance payment, there are currently two regions that include surgical robots in the scope of medical insurance payment.2021 In April 2021, the Shanghai Municipal Medical Insurance Bureau announced that the da Vinci surgical robot will be included in the scope of Class B medical insurance payment, with a patient deductible of 20%. The types of surgery are limited to radical prostate cancer, partial nephrectomy, total hysterectomy and radical rectal cancer.At the end of August, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Medical Insurance announced that orthopedic surgical robots and their consumables would be included in the scope of payment of medical insurance, and the relevant payment is divided into two parts, one part is the cost of the robot, with a fixed cost of 8,000 yuan, which can be fully paid by using the medical insurance; and the other is the cost of the ancillary consumables, which can be partially Reimbursement.

The application of surgical robots helps to solve the problems of low positioning accuracy, long operation time, and lack of three-dimensional high-definition image field of vision in traditional open surgery, and has the advantages of high surgical success rate, small traumatic area, less bleeding, and faster recovery. Therefore, surgical robots are a revolutionary innovation in the medical field. With the continuous improvement of technology level, the surgical robot industry will usher in a development boom.

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