With the Winter Olympics kicking off this week, the Chinese will soon be thrilled with the prowess of the world’s best skiers, snowboarders and skaters. However, under skiing, the risk of skiing cannot be ignored.
1. Commonly injured parts of skiing
Skiing is a sport that is fast, large, and easily impacted by strong external forces. Bone fractures, fractures, and ligament injuries are relatively common sports injuries. The most easily injured parts are wrists, ankles, knees, lumbar spine, cervical spine, etc., especially The cruciate ligaments, medial and lateral collateral ligaments, and meniscus of the knee are all high-risk areas for damage. In terms of injury type, the most common types are ligament injury, soft tissue abrasion, soft tissue contusion and fracture, of which fracture is the most serious injury.
- “Ski Thumb”
“Skier’s thumb” is the sixth most common ski injury. Acute injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb. Ligaments are bundles of strong fibrous tissue that make up an important ligament that connects the bones at the base of the thumb and stabilizes the proximal phalanx and metacarpal bones of the thumb. It can also be found at the elbow, which provides stability against angulation at the joint.
- Fractures of Kore’s fractures
This is a fracture of the distal radius that causes the wrist to bend backwards. The distal radius refers to the part of the radius closest to the hand. This fracture is usually caused by an outstretched hand trying to stop the fall when falling forward.
2. How to effectively prevent injuries?
There are many reasons for the injury of skiers, the main reason is the lack of preparation of the skiers themselves. Therefore, the following points should be paid attention to when skiing:
(1) Make full preparations to make the body meet or approach the physiological requirements of high efficiency, adapt to skiing as soon as possible, and reduce the occurrence of trauma.
(2) Do not ski when you are tired or unwell. Skiing consumes a lot of physical energy, and it is easy to cause injuries in a state of fatigue. At the same time should pay attention to rest and ensure a reasonable nutritional supplement.
(3) Learn skiing skills step by step and avoid the mentality of being competitive and eager for success.
(4) Choose a suitable ski trail for you, and don’t blindly go to advanced ski trails just after learning to ski.
(5) Usually, physical training can be strengthened to enhance the muscle strength of upper limbs, lower limbs and waist and abdomen.